|The legislative power of Seychelles is vested in the National Assembly and is exercised subject to and in accordance with the Constitution. Presently the National Assembly is made up of 25 directly elected members and up to 10 members elected by a scheme of proportional representation based on the results of a general election held at least every five years.
The Members of the National Assembly elect a Speaker and Deputy Speaker from among their own numbers. The Leader of the Opposition is elected from among the members of the Assembly who are not members of the political party which nominated the incumbent President for election.
The legislative power vested in the National Assembly is exercised by Bills passed by the Assembly and assented to by the President whereupon the Bill becomes a law of Seychelles.
The judicial power of Seychelles is vested in the Judiciary, consisting of:
(a) the Court of Appeal of Seychelles
(b) the Supreme Court of Seychelles
(c) such other subordinate courts or tribunals established under the Constitution.
The concept of the separation of powers, as defined by the Constitution, guarantees the independence of the Judiciary.
The Court of Appeal has jurisdiction to hear and determine appeals from a judgement, direction, decision, declaration, decree, writ or order of the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in matters relating to the application, contravention, enforcement or interpretation of the Constitution as well as civil and criminal matters. The Supreme Court exercises supervisory jurisdiction over subordinate courts, tribunals and adjudicating authorities.
Other Constitutional Appointees
The Constitution provides for the establishment of the following offices:
The Constitutional Appointments Authority
The Authority is responsible for proposing candidates for Constitutional Offices to be appointed by the President. The Authority consists of three members, one each appointed by the President and the Leader of the Opposition and a third appointed by the President based on the recommendations of the first two appointees.
The Ombudsman may investigate and report on any action taken by a public authority or the President, Minister, officer or member of a public authority. The Ombudsman may also investigate and report on any allegation of fraud or corruption in connection with the exercise by a person of a function of a public authority.
The Ombudsman’s report, opinions and recommendations are submitted to the President, Minister or chief executive officer of the public authority together with a time limit for the report to be acted upon. If the report is not adequately acted upon within the time limit, the Ombudsman may submit the report and recommendations, together with any further observations, to the President and the National Assembly.
The Public Service Appeal Board
The Public Service Appeal Board consists of three members, one each appointed by the President and the Leader of the Opposition and a third appointed by the President based on the recommendations of the first two appointees.
The board hears complaints from persons aggrieved by appointments made to an office, promotions to an office and disciplinary proceedings taken in respect of an officer in the public service.
The Public Service Appeal Board may order a public authority to take appropriate action as it sees fit within a specified time limit. Where the public authority fails to comply with such an order, the Board will make a report to the National Assembly.
The Electoral ComMissioner
The Electoral ComMissioner is responsible for the conduct and supervision of the registration of voters and of elections and referenda provided for by the Constitution. The ComMissioner also keeps under continuous review the number and boundaries of the electoral areas within Seychelles and the practices and working of political campaigns in respect of elections and referenda.
The Auditor General
The accounts of the Cabinet office, the National Assembly, all Government departments and offices, all courts and those related to moneys withdrawn from the Consolidated Fund are audited and reported on by the Auditor General to the National Assembly. The annual report of the Auditor General draws attention to irregularities in the accounts audited and to any other matter which in the opinion of the Auditor General ought to be brought to the notice of the Assembly.